Do you need a comma before and after a quote?
Commas and periods that are part of the overall sentence go inside the quotation marks, even though they aren't part of the original quotation. Unless they are part of the original quotation, all marks other than commas or periods are placed outside the quotation marks.
When should punctuation be outside of quotation marks?
Overall, you can stick to this basic rule: question marks and exclamation points go inside quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted matter. If they punctuate the sentence as a whole, they go outside of the quotation marks.
How do you punctuate a quote within a quote?
Rule: Use single quotation marks inside double quotation marks when you have a quotation within a quotation. Example: Bobbi told me, “Delia said, 'This will never work. ' ” Notice that what Delia said was enclosed in single quotation marks.
Related Question Do you put commas after quotes?
Do you put a period after a quote that ends in a period?
If a sentence ends with quoted material, the period is placed inside the closing quotation mark, even if the period is not part of the original quotation.
Where does the period go after a quote?
1. The final period or comma goes inside the quotation marks, even if it is not a part of the quoted material, unless the quotation is followed by a citation. If a citation in parentheses follows the quotation, the period follows the citation.
Where do you put a comma after a quote with a question mark?
In cases when a question mark is used, there is no need to use a comma as well; instead, the attributive tag should come immediately after the closing quotation marks. Consider the example below: “Do you want to come to the movies with us ?”, Mary asked. “Do you want to come to the movies with us ?” Mary asked.
Should there be a comma before a quote?
As a general rule, you should use a comma to introduce quoted material or dialogue. That's because in most types of dialogue, the quoted material stands apart from the surrounding text. In grammatical terms, it's “syntactically independent.”
How do you properly quote?
To quote a source, you must ensure: The quoted text is enclosed in quotation marks or formatted as a block quote. The original author is correctly cited. The text is identical to the original.
|Citation style||When to block quote|
|Chicago||Quotes longer than 100 words|
How do you use quotes?
Use parentheses when inserting words into a quotation. Use brackets to enclose inserted words intended to provide a brief explanation within a quotation. Use parentheses to enclose a change in letter case or verb tense when integrating a quote into your paper.
How do you continue a sentence with a quote?
When the quote ends, use a comma inside the quotation marks, and then continue the sentence outside. If the quote ends with a question mark or an exclamation point, use it inside the quotation marks, and then continue the sentence outside the quotation marks like: "Where are you going?" she asked.
What do you put after a quote in an essay?
Provide commentary after a quote to explain how it supports your ideas. A quote doesn't support your ideas unless you analyze it and link it back to your thesis. After the quote, write 1-3 sentences explaining what the quote means, why it supports your topic sentence, and how it supports your argument overall.
Do you put a period after a quote with an exclamation point?
Rule: The exclamation point (inside the closing quotation mark) ends the sentence; no period.
How do you cite after a quote?
Place a parenthetical citation either immediately after the quotation or at the end of the sentence. For a narrative citation, include the author and year in the sentence and then place the page number or other location information in parentheses after the quotation.
What are quotation marks examples?
What do quote marks mean?
Definition of quotation mark
: one of a pair of punctuation marks " " or ' ' used chiefly to indicate the beginning and the end of a quotation in which the exact phraseology of another or of a text is directly cited.
How do you cite a quote in an essay example?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. "Here's a direct quote" (Smith 8). If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks.
How do you properly quote in an essay?
The first time you use a quotation from a source in an essay, introduce the author and the work that the quotation is attributed to before you use the actual quotation in the essay. Later in the essay, you simply need to address the author's last name before using the quotation.
How do you incorporate a quote into a sentence?
How do you punctuate a quote with an exclamation mark?
Here are the rules: Put the exclamation point inside the closing quotation marks if it applies to the words enclosed by the quotation marks. “There's a spider on my arm!” yelped Jeremy. If the exclamation point applies to the sentence as a whole, then place it at the very end.
How do you change capitalization in a quote?
After a Verb of Saying
If the first quoted word begins with a lowercase letter in your source, use a capital letter enclosed in square brackets to indicate that you've altered the source: In A Room with a View E. M.
How do I cite a quote from a poem?
When Quoting Four or More Lines of Poetry:
Include the author's name, the title(s) of the poem(s), and the line number(s) in the text (for better source inte- gration) or within a parenthetical citation.
How do you cite a quote in-text apa?
APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
Do you put expressions in quotes?
Quotation marks are rarely needed for common expressions, says Chicago Manual of Style 16 (7.57). The only time we need to use them might be for phrases borrowed verbatim from another context (environment, setting) or for terms used ironically.