What does Article 77 of the Indian Constitution says?
(1) All executive action of the Government of India shall be expressed to be taken in the name of the President. (3) The President shall make rules for the more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India, and for the allocation among Ministers of the said business.
What does the Article 74 says?
Article 74 of the Constitution of the Republic of India provides for a Council of Ministers which shall aid the President in the exercise of the President's functions.
What does Article 75 say?
Article 75 of the Constitution states that The Prime Minister of India is appointed by the President. The political party contesting the elections appoints a representative from amongst the members of the party to be the PM candidate.
Related Question What does Article 77 say?
What does Article 76 say?
Article 76 of the constitution mentions that he/she is the highest law officer of India. As a chief legal advisor to the government of India, he advises the union government on all legal matters. He also is the primary lawyer representing Union Government in the Supreme Court of India.
What does Article 350 say?
Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances Every person shall be entitled to submit a representation for the redress of any grievance to any officer or authority of the Union or a State in any of the languages used in the Union or in the State, as the case may be.
What does Article 111 say?
Article 111 of Constitution of India "Assent to Bills"
When a Bill has been passed by the Houses of Parliament, it shall be presented to the President, and the President shall declare either that he assents to the Bill, or that he withholds assent there from.
What does Article 141 say?
Article 141 of the Constitution of India stipulates that the law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all Courts within the territory of India. Thus, the general principles laid down, by the Supreme Court are binding on each individual including those who are not a party to an order.
What does Article 326 say?
Article 326 of the Constitution provides that the elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assembly of every State shall be on the basis of adult suffrage, that is to say, a person should not be less than 21 years of age.
What does Article 112 say?
(1) The President shall in respect of every financial year cause to be laid before both the Houses of Parliament a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for that year, in this Part of this Constitution referred to as the "annual financial statement".
What does Article 275 say?
Draft Article 255 (Article 275, Constitution of India 1950) was discussed on 8 August 1949 and 9 August 1949. It empowered Parliament to make law to provide financial assistance to States in the form of grants-in-aid charged to the revenue of India.
What does Article 214 say?
(1) There shall be a High Court for each State. (2) For the purpose of this Constitution the High court existing in any Province immediately before the commencement of this Constitution shall be deemed to be the High Court for the corresponding State.
What does Article 47 say?
Article 47 of The Constitution of India is one of the Directive Principles which directs the State to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health as among its primary duties and, in particular, the State shall endeavour to bring about prohibition of intoxicating drinks and drugs
What does Article 17 say?
Article 17. Abolition of Untouchability. -"Untouchability" is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden. The enforcement of any disability arising out of "Untouchability" shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law.
Who can file PIL?
Any Indian citizen can file a PIL, the only condition being that it should not be filed with a private interest, but in larger public interest. At times, even the Court can take cognizance of a matter if it is one of utmost public importance, and appoint an advocate to handle the case.
What does Article 120 say?
Article 120: Language to be used in Parliament -
Provided that the Chairman of the Council of States or Speaker of the House of the People, or person acting as such, as the case may be, may permit any member who cannot adequately express himself in Hindi or in English to address the House in his mother-tongue.
What does Article 72 say?
Article 72 empowers the President the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend, remit or commute the sentence of any person convicted of any offence.
What does Article 334 say?
Article 334 of the Constitution lays down that the provisions of the Constitution relating to the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes and the representation of the Anglo-Indian community by nomination in the House of the People and Legislative Assemblies of the States shall cease to
What does Article 135 say?
Article 135: Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court.
What does Article 108 say?
The joint sitting of the Parliament is called by the President of India (Article 108) and is presided over by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha or, in their absence, by the Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha, or in their absence, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
What does Article 80 say?
Article 80 : Composition of the Council of States –
(4) The representatives of each State in the Council of States shall be elected members of the Legislative Assembly of the State in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.
What did Article 7 say?
The text of Article VII declares that the Constitution shall become the official law of the ratifying states when nine states ratified the document. When New Hampshire became the ninth state to ratify on June 21, 1788, the Constitution became good law. End of story.
What does Article 143 say?
Article 143 of the Constitution authorises the president to seek the opinion of the Supreme court in the two categories of matters: On any question of law or fact of public importance which has arisen or which is likely to arise.
What does Article 325 say?
Article 325: No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special electoral roll on ground of religion, race, caste or sex.
What does Article 18 say?
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
What does Article 124 say?
Article 124 THE UNION JUDICIARY – Constitution Of India
(1) There shall be a Supreme Court of India consisting of a Chief Justice of India and, until Parliament by law prescribes a larger number, of not more than seven2 other Judges.
What does Article 81 say?
Article 81 of the Constitution defines the composition of the House of the People or Lok Sabha. It states that the House shall not consist of more than 550 elected members of whom not more than 20 will represent Union Territories.
What does Article 109 say?
Article 109 : Special procedure in respect of Money Bills
(1) A Money Bill shall not be introduced in the Council of States.
What does Article 121 say?
According to provisions under Article 121 of the Constitution any discussion in Parliament shall not take place with respect to the conduct of any judge in the discharge of his duties except upon a motion for presenting in address to the president praying for the removal of the judge.
What does Article 123 say?
Article 123 of the Constitution of India grants the President certain law-making powers to promulgate ordinances when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session. The President cannot promulgate an ordinance unless he is satisfied that there are circumstances that require taking 'immediate action'.
What does Article 63 say?
There shall be a Vice-President of India.
What does Article 265 say?
Article 265 of the Constitution of India provides that "no tax shall be levied or collected except by the authority of law". Therefore, no tax can be levied or collected in India, unless it is explicitly and clearly authorised by way of legislation.
What does Article 332 say?
Article 332 of the Constitution of India provides for reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
What does Article 249 say?
Article 249 deals with the power of the Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest while Article 312 deals with the creation of an All India Service.
What does Article 227 say?
Article 227 determines that every High Court shall have superintendence over all courts and tribunals throughout the territories in relation to which it exercises jurisdiction, except a court formed under a law related to armed forces.
What does Article 241 say?
(1) Parliament may by law constitute a High Court for a Union territory or declare any court in any such territory to be a High Court for all or any of the purposes of this Constitution.
What does Article 343 say?
343. (1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the official purposes of the Union shall be the international form of Indian numerals.
What does Article 73 say?
By the virtue of Article 73, executive power extends to Union, even in the absence of law that means power to accept or reject treaties or agreement is left with the executive.
What does Article 33 say?
By article 33 of the Constitution, Parliament is empowered to enact laws determining to what extent any of the rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution shall, in their application to the members of the Armed Forces or the Forces charged with the maintenance of public order, be restricted or abrogated so as to
What does Article 315 say?
Article 321 of Indian Constitution – Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions. Article 321 of Indian Constitution: Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions Article 321 Power to extend functions of
What does Article 34 say?
Article 34 pertains to the restrictions on the fundamental rights conferred by this part while martial law is in force in any area. The article gives indemnity by law in respect to acts done during operations of martial law.
What does Article 28 say?
Constitution of India. Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions. (1) No religious instruction shall be provided in any educational institution wholly maintained out of State funds.
What does Article 66 say?
Under article 66(1) of the Constitution, the Vice-President has to be elected by members of both Houses of Parliament assembled at a joint meeting.
What does Article 13 say?
13. Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights. (1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.
Do we need a lawyer to file PIL?
The person filing the PIL can either debate himself or appoint a lawyer. Generally, in any case, it is advisable to consult a lawyer before filing a PIL. If a PIL is filed in the High Court, then two copies of the petition have to be submitted in the court.
What are the grounds for PIL?
Union of India, articulated the concept of PIL as follows, Where a legal wrong or a legal injury is caused to a person or to a determinate class of persons by reason of violation of any constitutional or legal right or any burden is imposed in contravention of any constitutional or legal provision or without authority
What does Article 107 say?
Article 107 of the Indian constitution provides some provisions for the introduction and passing of the bills. In one of its provisions, it says that the bill can originate from either House of the parliament. If both the houses of the parliament approved the bill, it must be considered to pass.
What does Article 132 say?
(1) An appeal shall lie to the Supreme Court from any judgment, decree or final order of a High Court in a State, whether in a civil, criminal or other proceeding, if the High Court certifies that the case involves a substantial question of law as to the interpretation of this Constitution.