What is difference between CI and SI engine?
Si engine is internal combustion engine that operates on the principle of spark ignition. It uses petrol and utilizes the Otto cycle. The diesel (Ci) engine is also an internal combustion engine, which uses diesel fuel and operates on diesel cycle.
What does SI and CI stand for?
Spark Ignition (SI) Engine and Compression Ignition (CI) Engine: A Comparison. In SI engines petrol or gasoline is used as fuel, hence these engines are also called petrol engines.
Which engine is more efficient CI or SI?
CI engines have higher Thermodynamic Efficiency
With a higher compression ratio in CI engines as compared to SI engines, CI engines have a higher thermodynamic efficiency since more work is done with each expansion stroke.
Related Question What is difference between SI and CI?
Which engine is more powerful?
In very simple terms, higher horsepower translates to a higher top speed and a faster car. Conversely, a higher torque figure translates to more power at a lower RPM. When this is taken into consideration, diesel engines are the more powerful of the two.
What is knocking in an engine?
knocking, in an internal-combustion engine, sharp sounds caused by premature combustion of part of the compressed air-fuel mixture in the cylinder. In a properly functioning engine, the charge burns with the flame front progressing smoothly from the point of ignition across the combustion chamber.
Why are diesel engines called CI?
The diesel engine, named after Rudolf Diesel, is an internal combustion engine in which ignition of the fuel is caused by the elevated temperature of the air in the cylinder due to the mechanical compression; thus, the diesel engine is a so-called compression-ignition engine (CI engine).
What is IC and SI engine?
The Spark Ignition (SI) engine, as its name indicates uses spark to ignite the fuel. And in Compression Ignition (CI) engine, the air is compressed within the cylinder and the heat of this compression air is used to ignite the fuel.
What is 2 stroke IC engine?
A two-stroke (or two-stroke cycle) engine is a type of internal combustion engine that completes a power cycle with two strokes (up and down movements) of the piston during one power cycle, this power cycle being completed in one revolution of the crankshaft.
Which engine has highest efficiency?
The steam turbine is the most efficient steam engine and for this reason is universally used for electrical generation. Steam expansion in a turbine is nearly continuous, which makes a turbine comparable to a very large number of expansion stages.
What is a good compression ratio?
Compression ratios usually vary between 1.05–7 per stage; however, a ratio of 3.5–4.0 per stage is considered maximum for most process operations. Quite often, the temperature rise of the gas during the compression dictates a limit for the safe or reasonable pressure rise.
What is the compression of a diesel engine?
Diesel engines are typically constructed with compression ratios in the range 14:1 to 22:1.
Why petrol engines and diesel engines are called as SI and CI engines?
Spark plugs are used in the petrol engines to ignite the air fuel mixture whereas in diesel engines the presence of spark plugs is not necessary. Technically petrol engines are called as spark ignition engines ( SI ) and diesel engines are called as compression ignition engines (CI ) .
Which car is best petrol or diesel?
Petro car vs diesel car
|Price||Petrol cars are more affordable than diesel cars.|
|Service and maintenance||The cost of service/maintenance is lower than diesel cars.|
|Fuel efficiency/mileage||Lower fuel efficiency than diesel variant.|
|Refinement||NVH (Noise, Vibration and Harshness) levels are low.|
What is Otto cycle and diesel cycle?
Otto cycle is used for petrol or spark ignition engine while diesel cycle is used for diesel or compression ignition engine. The main difference between Otto cycle and Diesel cycle is that in Otto cycle heat addition takes place at constant volume and in diesel cycle heat addition takes places at constant pressure.
Which is the fastest Indian car?
Lamborghini Aventador is the fastest car in India as it can attain top speeds of 350 kmph.
Fastest Cars in India under 15 Lakhs.
|Car Model||Max speed (KMPH)||Ex-showroom Price, Delhi (Lakhs)|
|Fiat Linea T-Jet||200||9.98|
|Fiat Abarth Punto||190||9.67|
|Maruti Suzuki Swift||180||8.85|
Which Indian car engine is best?
The best engines ever sold in India
Are diesels faster than petrol?
Diesel Engines are faster off the line , as they can produce more torque even at lower RPM . While petrol engines have have their max torque and Max power at much RPM. Petrol as a fuel is well refined than a diesel , The flame speed of petrol is much faster than diesel.
What is detonation in SI engine?
Detonation is spontaneous combustion inside the cylinder AFTER the spark plug fires. This causes a steady increase in cylinder pressure and forces the piston down on the Power Stroke. When detonation happens, some of the air/fuel ignites before the normal burn can get to it.
What is piston slap?
Piston Slap Explained
“Piston slap is generally caused when the cold running clearance (piston-to-wall clearance) is large enough that when the piston rocks from side to side in the bore it “slaps” the side of the cylinder and causes noise,” explains JE Pistons' Clayton Stothers.
What is pinging in a car?
Pinging or knocking also means that the petrol of gas ignites itself. This means that the fuel does not ignite by the spark plugs but ignites itself. When the ignition happens earlier than planned, the piston are not in the correct place but the ignition already takes place.
Which part is not used in CI engine?
In compression ignition (CI) engines, spark plug is not required because the combustion takes places by high compression of air resulting in very high temperature.
Which engine has carburetor?
A carburetor is a device which helps in mixing fuel and air together for facilitating internal combustion inside an internal combustion engine. This device passes the mixture of fuel and air to the intake manifold (a device delivering air/fuel mixture to the cylinders) of an internal combustion engine.
Why SI engines are high speed engines?
SI Engines operates at higher speed due to their less compression ratio (i.e. less weight per unit power). They produce less torque and operates at higher speed.
What is TDC and BDC?
TDC – Top Dead Centre is traditionally the position of an internal combustion engine's piston when it is at the very top of its stroke. BDC – Bottom Dead Centre is the opposite, when the piston is at the very bottom of its stroke.
What are the types of engines?
Types of engines and how they work
What is the difference between 4 stroke and 2?
The main difference between a 4-stroke engine and a 2-stroke engine is that a 4-stroke engine goes through four stages, or two complete revolutions, to complete one power stroke, while a 2-stroke engine goes through 2 stages, or one complete revolution, to complete one power stroke.
Which engine is more efficiency 2-stroke or 4-stroke?
Compared to four stroke engines, two strokes are lighter, more efficient, have the ability to use lower-grade fuel, and more cost-efficient. Therefore, the lighter engines results in a higher power-to-weight ratio (more power for less weight).
Which is better 2 or 4-stroke outboard?
The fuel efficiency of a 4-stroke motor can be 50% better than that of a 2-stroke motor with the same HP. As for environmental concerns, 4 stroke outboards produce far less harmful emissions, which can be as much as 90% cleaner than those from a similar sized 2-stroke motor.
Which is better 2-stroke or 4-stroke?
Because 2-stroke engines are designed to run at a higher RPM, they also tend to wear out faster; a 4-stroke engine is generally more durable. That being said, 2-stroke engines are more powerful. Two-stroke engines are a much simpler design, making them easier to fix.
Which diesel engine is more efficient?
These data show an improvement of over 30% in thermal efficiency for the diesel engine over the gasoline engine.
|Engine type||Thermal efficiency|
|4-Stroke, spark-ignition engine||30%|
|2-Stroke, spark-ignition engine||22%|
|4-Stroke, DI compression-ignition engine||40.3%|
|2-Stroke, DI compression-ignition engine||43%|
Which diesel car is the most fuel efficient?
Top 10: Most Economical Diesel Cars
Is IC or EC more efficient engine?
The internal combustion engine has an efficiency of about 35-45 %. As compared to the external combustion engine has an efficiency of about 15-25 %. The Fuel cost of the internal combustion engine is relatively high. As compared to the fuel cost of the external combustion engine is relatively low.
What is the max compression ratio with pump gas?
The standard recommendation for street engines running on pump gas has always been to shoot for a 9.0:1 to perhaps 9.5:1 compression ratio. This is in order for the engine to safely work with pump gas, which for much of the country, is limited to 91-octane.
What compression is best for 93 octane?
We are being told by most piston manufacturers that 9.5:1 is the most you should run in an engine with cast iron heads on 93 octane pump gas. Because aluminum conducts (dissipates to the cooling system) heat much faster than cast iron does, you can run 10.5:1 with aluminum heads on 93 octane.
Does higher compression increase torque?
The increased compression will boost the low-end torque and extend the top-end power range.
What is the best diesel compression tester?
11 Best Diesel Compression Testers of 2021
What is the compression pressure of CI engine?
Four-Stroke Cycle CI Engine
The pressure at the end of the compression stroke ranges from 30 to 45 kg/cm2. The temperature near the end of the compression stroke is 650–800°C.
Which medium is compressed in SI engine?
Four-Stroke Cycle SI Engine
In the SI engine, fuel is mixed with air, broken up into a mist, and partially vaporized. The compression ratio varies from 4:1 to 8:1, and the air–fuel mixture ratio varies from 10:1 to 20:1. The four strokes of a petrol engine sucking fuel–air mixture are shown in Fig. 2.2.
Who invented petrol engine?
The first automobile. The first stationary gasoline engine developed by Carl Benz was a one-cylinder two-stroke unit which ran for the first time on New Year's Eve 1879.
What engines have injectors?
All diesel (compression-ignition) engines use fuel injection, and many Otto (spark-ignition) engines use fuel injection of one kind or another.
Do diesel engines use sparkplugs?
Both spark plugs and glow plugs are the ignition source in a combustion engine. So, what's the difference? The short answer is the type of engine they're found in. Spark plugs are only found in gasoline engines and glow plugs are in diesel ones.
Which car is best to buy?
Top 15 Best Cars You Can Buy In India
Which car is best under 10 lakh?
Hence, we have put together a complete list of best cars under ₹ 10 lakh.
Top 10 Cars Under 10 Lakh.
|Kia Seltos||₹ 9.89 - 18.10 Lakh|
|Toyota Urban Cruiser||₹ 8.72 - 11.55 Lakh|
|Hyundai Verna||₹ 9.28 - 15.32 Lakh|
|MG Astor||₹ 9.78 - 17.38 Lakh|
Which car is best under 5 lakh?
4.93 - 6.45 Lakh), Renault KWID (Rs. 4.11 - 5.66 Lakh) are amongst the most popular cars in this price bracket.
Top 5 Cars Under 5 Lakh.
|Model||Price in New Delhi|
|Maruti Celerio||Rs. 4.99 - 6.94 Lakh*|
|Maruti Wagon R||Rs. 4.93 - 6.45 Lakh*|
|Renault KWID||Rs. 4.11 - 5.66 Lakh*|
|Tata Tiago||Rs. 4.99 - 7.07 Lakh*|
What is the 4 1 process in Otto cycle?
The four-stroke Otto cycle is made up of the following four internally reversible processes: 1–2, isentropic compression; 2–3, constant-volume heat addition; 3–4, isentropic expansion; and 4–1, constant-volume heat rejection.
What is swept volume?
Swept volume can be defined as the volume swept by the engine piston during one stroke. Swept volume is also the product of piston area and stroke. 2. Clearance Volume. Clearance volume can be defined as the volume that remains in the cylinder when the engine piston is in the top centre position.
What is constant in Otto cycle?
|Otto Cycle||Constant volume heat rejection. Constant volume heat addition.|
|Diesel Cycle||Constant pressure heat addition. Constant volume heat rejection.|
|Dual Cycle||Constant volume and constant pressure heat addition Constant volume heat rejection|
Which is the safest car in India?
Top 10 safest cars in India as rated by Global NCAP: Mahindra XUV700 bags five stars in latest crash tests
What is the slowest car in history?
The Peel P50: King of the Slowest Cars
The slowest production car in existence is a coupe manufactured by Peel Engineering. It is called the Peel P50.
Which is the first car in India?
The first car to be manufactured in India was the Hindustan Ambassador, which was largely based on the Morris Oxford of the UK. It was manufactured in Kolkata through a technical collaboration with Morris Motors, UK, and later became the Hindustan Motors Ambassador. It was first manufactured in 1948.
Which car has more CC?
The top brands that manufacture Between 1200cc to 1800cc Cars are Tata, Maruti Suzuki, Ford and more.
Between 1200cc to 1800cc Engine Cars.
|Model||Price in New Delhi|
|Hyundai Creta||Rs. 10.16 - 17.87 Lakh*|
|Maruti Vitara Brezza||Rs. 7.61 - 11.19 Lakh*|
|Kia Seltos||Rs. 9.95 - 18.10 Lakh*|
|Tata Nexon||Rs. 7.29 - 13.34 Lakh*|
Which car give more mileage?
Check out best Top Mileage Cars in India from Volvo XC90 to Tata Altroz.
Top Mileage Cars in India 2021.
|Volvo XC90||Rs. 89.90 Lakh - 1.31 Crore||46 kmpl|
|BMW 7 Series||Rs. 1.39 - 2.46 Crore||39 kmpl|
|Bajaj Qute (RE60)||Rs. 2.63 Lakh||35 kmpl|
|Maruti Celerio||Rs. 4.99 - 6.94 Lakh||26 kmpl|