What Was The Life Expectancy Of A Tail Gunner?

What was the life expectancy of a tail gunner in WW2?

The Rear-Turret Gunners were in the most vulnerable position on the Plane. The life expectancy of a WW2 Rear-gunner varied but was never high, mostly about just 5 Sorties.

How many tail gunners died in WW2?

According to Yorkshire Air Museum, 20,000 rear gunners lost their lives during WWII.

What was the average life expectancy of a WW2 pilot?

Life Expectancy

The average life expectancy of a spitfire pilot during the Battle of Britain was an astonishing four weeks. During the battle, 544 British RAF pilots died.

Related Question What was the life expectancy of a tail gunner?

How many Lancaster bombers were shot down in ww2?

According to Bomber Command Museum, over half of the Lancasters produced, 3,932 of them, were shot down during the war, at a total cost of £186,770,000 (or £7,397,375,152 when adjusted for inflation).

What does a tail gunner do?

A tail gunner or rear gunner is a crewman on a military aircraft who functions as a gunner defending against enemy fighter or interceptor attacks from the rear, or "tail", of the plane.

Does b52 have tail gunner?

It did not involve a B-17 or a B-24 facing off against a Luftwaffe attack, or a B-29 defending itself in the Korean War—Turner was a tail gunner on an aircraft still flying but not usually associated with machine gun defense: the B-52. But B-52s featured defensive armament in the tail: A through G models had quad .

What was the safest position in a B-17?

The safest crew member was the ball turret gunner (5.5 percent), the pilot (7.7 percent), and co-pilot (6.6 percent), who together accounted for 19.8 percent of casualties).

Did the B-17 have a tail gunner?

On the B-17 was a 10 man crew plus room for passengers; 2 Pilots who had no weapon control, a Bombardier who operated the Norden Bomb Sight and also served as the Nose Gunner, a Navigator who operated the cheek guns in the nose of the plane, the Engineer who operated the Top Turret Gun, a Radio Operator, a Ball Turret

How many b17 were shot down in Europe?

During the night, the 73 B-17s at Poltava were attacked for 2 hours by an estimated 75 German bombers led by aircraft dropping flares. 47 B-17s were destroyed and most of the rest were severely damaged.

B-17 Flying Fortress.

Country United States
Primary Role Heavy Bomber
Maiden Flight 28 July 1935

How many b17 were built in ww2?

B-17 Flying Fortress
Primary users United States Army Air Forces Royal Air Force
Produced 1936–1945
Number built 12,731

Did ball turret gunners wear parachutes?

Since space was limited, most ball turret gunners only wore flak jackets to protect themselves against anti-aircraft fire, but no parachutes.

What is a top turret gunner?

A dorsal gunner, mid-upper gunner or top gunner is an air gunner responsible for operating a gun position or turret located on the upper (dorsal) fuselage, between the cockpit and tail of some military aircraft.

Are ball turrets still used?

It was a manned turret, as distinct from remote-controlled turrets also in use. The turret held the gunner, two heavy machine guns, ammunition, and sights.

Ball Turret
Used by United States, United Kingdom, China
Wars World War II
Caliber .50 BMG

How many Lancasters are left?

About the Lancaster

The Avro Lancaster is the most famous and successful RAF heavy bomber of World War Two. There are only two airworthy Lancasters left in the world - 7,377 were built. Lancaster PA474 was built at the Vickers Armstrong Broughton factory at Hawarden Airfield, Chester on 31 May 1945, just after VE day.

Can a Lancaster fly on one engine?

The second attribute that made the Lancaster great was its fantastic manoeuvrability for something that could carry so many bombs. There are so many stories of a Lancaster coming back in with just one engine and still being able to land. Pilots and crews loved it for that.

What was the top speed of a Lancaster bomber?

Specifications (Avro Lancaster 1)

Feature Specification
Minimum Weight 36,457 lb (16,571 kg)
Capacity 7: pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, wireless operator, mid-upper and rear gunners
Maximum Speed 282 mph (246 knots, 454 km/h) at 63,000 lb
Range 2,530 mi (2,200 nmi, 4,073 km)

How many B 17 Crews died?

That is the relevant consideration for this account. Of the 3,885 crewmen aboard B-‐17 Flying Fortresses that went down, 2,114 (54.4 %) did not survive; 866 of the 1,228 on B-‐24 Liberators (71.3%) died; 190 of the 236 (80.0%) fighter pilots who went down perished.

How many b17 were used in Memphis Belle?

Five airworthy B-17s were used in the filming of the 1990 British-American war drama Memphis Belle. Two were from the US (N-17W), both on display in Seattle: the Movie Memphis Belle (44-83546), and B-17G Sally B from the UK.

How many crew members does a b52 have?

B-52 Technical Specifications

Primary Function Heavy bomber
Speed 650 mph (Mach 0.86)
Range 8,800 mi (7,652 nautical miles)
Ceiling 50,000 ft (15,150 m)
Crew 5 (aircraft commander, pilot, radar navigator, navigator and electronic warfare officer

Does the Air Force have gunners?

Most modern air gunners are helicopter door gunners, who typically have other primary roles such as crew chief or observer in addition to their air gunner role. Others fly as members of aircrews on gunships, where their duties may include loading guns or manually firing them if computer systems fail.

What is the oldest B-52 still in service?

The youngest B-52 left Boeing's Wichita factory in 1962, meaning the 76 B-52Hs that remain in service are, technically, at least 59 years old.

How many gunners does a B 17 have?

There were 5 gunners in the back of the plane, all enlisted men who were non-commissioned officers (NCO's) during their mission. During takeoff, they all sat in the radio room behind the bomb bay—the strongest part of the aircraft where the wings intersect with the fuselage.

What altitude did B-17 fly?

What altitude did a B-17 make its bomb run? - Quora. Over Europe the altitude typically flown by B-17 formations was 25,000 to 30,000 feet MSL. However, targets known to have weak flak were bombed a lower altitude, for example 15,000 feet over Merseburg.

How many crew members does a B-17 have?

The plane consists of 9 crew (2 more than the Lancaster's 7 crew); Pilot, Engineer, Bombardier, Navigator, Radio Operator, and 4 Gunners. This plane has 5 guns by default, but two cheek guns can be purchased.

What was the name of the plane that dropped Fat Man?

Bockscar, sometimes called Bock's Car, is the name of the United States Army Air Forces B-29 bomber that dropped a Fat Man nuclear weapon over the Japanese city of Nagasaki during World War II in the second – and last – nuclear attack in history.

Does b52 have ejection seats?

The B-52G aircraft is a heavy bomber equipped with six crew stations. Each crew station has its escape hatch and ejection seat. These systems include the upward ejection system, downward ejection system, and their respective escape hatches.

What is a waist gunner?

The primary duty of the waist gunner was to defend the aircraft against the enemy. Waist gunners were also frequently responsible for checking the aircraft for damage and assisting the flight engineer with repairs if necessary.

What did Gunner the dog do?

Gunner (born c. August 1941) was a male kelpie dog who became notable for his reliability to accurately alert Allied air force personnel that Japanese military aircraft were approaching Darwin during the Second World War.

How much did a B-17 cost?

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

B-17 Flying Fortress
Primary users United States Army Air Forces Royal Air Force
Produced 1936–1945
Number built 12,731
Unit cost US$238,329 (1945) US$2.6 million (in 2016 dollars)

Did any RAF pilots survive the whole of ww2?

As six of the seven longest surviving veterans of the battle (Squadron Leader John Hart, Flight Lieutenant Archie McInnes, Flight Lieutenant Maurice Mounsdon, Air Vice-Marshal John Thornett Lawrence, Wing Commander Paul Farnes and Flight Lieutenant William Clark) died between June 2019 and May 2020 as of 8 May 2020,

How quickly could planes be scrambled in the Battle of Britain?

Crews were kept close to or in their aircraft, which were expected to be able to take off within a short period, such as 15 minutes, in less-than-normal situations. It could be only two minutes at times of heightened tension between the opposing powers.

Who was the top British ace in ww2?

Group Capt. "Johnnie" Johnson, Commanding Officer of the Canadian-manned Kenley Wing, brings his Spitfire Mk IX in for a landing following a fighter sweep over Nazi occupied Europe in May of 1943. Johnson was the top scoring British ace of WWII.

How did the B-17 get to England?

The aircraft purchased in the United States by Britain were flown to airports in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland, partially dis-assembled and loaded on ships and transported to England where they were unloaded and re-assembled, a process that could take several weeks, not counting repairing any damage to the aircraft

How many B-17 are still flying?

The current total of surviving B-17 bombers located in the United States stands at 40: Nine (9) B-17 planes are airworthy, such as "Texas Raiders", "Sentimental Journey" and "Aluminum Overcast".

What was an obvious weakness of the B-17 bomber?

In November 1942, German fighter ace Egon Mayer found the weakest place on a B-17—directly in the front of the aircraft. Defended by only four machine guns, the nose of the B-17—and more importantly the cockpit—was vulnerable to a head-on attack.

What is the Ball Turret Gunner compared to?

The gunner is compared with a fetus, a baby animal in the womb: “my wet fur froze.” The jackets the gunners wore had fur inside, and thus the double image is created of the young man in the jacket and the infant animal.

How many planes did B 17 Gunners shoot down?

The USAAF claimed they shot down 179 Luftwaffe fighters, broken-down as follows: B-17 gunners claimed 97 and their fighter escort claimed 82. German records show that 66 fighters were lost. The Luftwaffe claimed that they shot down 108 bombers and 20 fighters.

Was the ball turret gunner effective?

Ball gunners not so effective but again the attacker would be slower than a higher attack making them more vulnerable. Any lower attack would probably be vulnerable to the tail and front gunners as well.

What was the life expectancy of a ball turret gunner?

The fighters who attacked him were armed with cannons firing explosive shells. “I later learned that the life expectancy of a ball turret gunner was just a mere 37 seconds.

What is a Sperry turret?

One of the most unique combat positions of World War Two was the Sperry Ball Turret. The hydraulically operated turret, which could rotate 360 degrees as well as point straight down, contained the gunner, two . 50 caliber Browning machine guns, a Sperry optical sight and two ammo cans with 250 rounds for each gun.

How did a ball turret work?

Why don modern bombers have gunners anymore?

It needed to be re-engineered to be more stealth, and the USAF didn't assess the time and cost to do that would pay off. Flexible gunnery is useless against surface-to-air and air-to-air missiles. Which is the backbone of today's air defense systems. Instead bombers have other means to distract said missiles.

What is the Sperry on a plane?

The Hewitt-Sperry Automatic Airplane was a project undertaken during World War I to develop a flying bomb, or pilotless aircraft capable of carrying explosives to its target.

Hewitt-Sperry Automatic Airplane
Role Missile
National origin United States
Designer Elmer Sperry Peter Cooper Hewitt
First flight September 1917

Are heavy bombers still used?

Heavy bombers, a staple of 20th century warfare, are largely obsolete in modern times, largely because of developments in ICBM and cruise missile technology. The largest use of heavy bombers, the delivery of large bombs (you probably would have guessed that) is mostly done by cruise and ballistic missiles.

How many Lancasters are being restored?

Today 17 remain in complete form, two of which are airworthy, and eight of which are in Canada. Only four of the surviving 17 – KB839, KB882, R5868, and W4783 – flew operational sorties over Continental Europe during the War.

How long did it take a Lancaster bomber to fly to Germany?

On the night of 16th December 1943 RAF Bomber Command mounted another raid on the German capital of Berlin, this time with 483 Lancasters and 15 Mosquitos. The Lancasters took off from their bases in England between 16:00 and 17:00 for the seven and a half hour flight to Berlin and back.

When was the last Lancaster built?

Avro Lancaster

Introduction February 1942
Status Retired
Primary users Royal Air Force Royal Canadian Air Force Royal Australian Air Force
Number built 7,377

What was the range of a Lancaster bomber?

Avro Lancaster

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